Hi everyone! (:
Today we mainly talked about the speeches on the green packet that we were supposed to do for homework and then we graded about 3-4 essays (the district one we wrote last Friday)
So here’s the breakdown:
1. Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr., “Letter from Birmingham Jail” (April 16, 1963)
- · Utilizes ETHOS
- · 8th Century = 700’s
- ² Paul is an 8th Century prophet
- ² Compares his actions to the cause of spreading the gospel of Jesus Christ
- ² By comparing himself to the prophets of long ago who probably weren’t remembered, he emphasizes that the name isn’t important but what he does is = humility trope
- ² States that the gospel of freedom needs to be remembered
- ² (side note) the 700s is why we don’t speak Arabic today
- · Uses “we” which makes the audience feel included
- · The beginning of the letter starts with “My fellow clergymen…”
- · Says that without direct action, nothing can be accomplished
- · His ethos gets lowered because he is in jail
- · SYNTAX
- ² “Just as the prophets of the eighth century B.C. left their villages and carried their “thus saith the Lord” far beyond the boundaries of their home towns, and just as the Apostle Paul left his village of Tarsus and carried the gospel of Jesus Christ to the far corners of the Greco Roman world, so am I compelled to carry the gospel of freedom beyond my own home town”
- Ø He places himself at the end of the sentence (how he fits in)
- Ø (Sean said he was the “savior” of the sentence as well as the problem)
- Ø Parallelism, but somewhat different à emphasizes his uniqueness by changing the structure of the sentence
2. Patrick Henry, “Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death” (March 23, 1775)
- l Utilizes PATHOS (stirs up a violent response)
- l Uses rhetorical questions
- l Metaphors and imagery excite the audience
- ² Imagery: “Shall we acquire the means of effectual resistance by lying supinely on our backs and hugging the delusive phantom of hope, until our enemies shall have bound us hand and foot?”
- Ø Supinely (means to lie on your back) is a metaphor à you can’t protect yourself
- * Dying, moral situation = upright in which you are not upright. In other words, you can’t stand up to someone or something.
- * Evokes a pity because they have no control à anger and hatred
- * “bound us hand and foot” refers to slavery à more imagery
- ü Slavery is a familiar image and the audience knows that blacks are treated unequally. Being compared to slaves is very degrading
- ü (probably talks about slavery because Henry is Virginian)
- l Uses religion (God)
- ² Says that God is on their side and that he will help them fight the battle
- l Builds up emotion à break à crescendo, and then repeats
- l In the beginning he uses long sentences because things are questionable. Then he changes to a short sentence structure and exclamations (rallying).
Then, we graded the district essays we wrote last Friday.
- l 6 = superior
- l 5 = very good
- l Everything’s generalized
- l Today everyone got their progress reports. Some people were happy, and others…not so happy. Brian came over to our table and told us that a “U” on the report card means that you need to “satisfactorize!”
- l Everyone pretty much sat around and did nothing for about 10-15 minutes until E told us to do something because apparently a lot of people didn’t do their hw.
- l TLP had a dinosaur cake
- l Our group wished on 11:11 and tried to figure out the Friday warm-ups on the board. I forgot the answers.
- l Jordan asked where E got his jeans because he liked them. We told him they were Seven jeans and he asked how we knew. Then we told him that we could tell because of the pocket and Jordan turned around and stared at his butt. HAHA. Annie claimed he had a man crush on E.
HW: Do #3 in the green packet
HAVE A GREAT WEEKEND EVERYONE!(=
Today was pretty relaxed and not much went on. The first thing we did was grade each others SAT essays on a scale from 1-6. 6:superior in every manner, 5: well done in every way, 4: adequate, and 3 no longer adequate. No one should be getting a 1 or 2 because we are AP students and the essay would have to be ridiculously horrendous.
Here are a few the grading guidelines for your essay:
1. 25 minute essays are not as strictly graded as 45 minute essays
2. Look for a holistic score, so how they did overall
3. Should take reader 2-2 1/2 minutes to read
Here are a few tips for writing the essay:
1. Don’t use hypothetical situations (i.e. the word “if”)
2. Use concrete examples that are easy to grasp
3. Longer essays will generally be scored higher
4. Try to stay away from personal opinions because they usually do not elaborate the topic
Ethos or Pathos?
In MLK Jr’s speech he definitely uses an appeal to pathos. He compares himself to eighth century whose names we do not know. By using this comparison he implies that his message is more important than his name. Mr. E., “great humility trope.” MLK also says that he only does this because his faith and religion tells him to. This establishes his legitimacy. In his speech he refers to Apostle Paul who was also thrown into jail.
Patrick Henry, in his “give me liberty or give me death” speech, uses:
- Blunt Statements
- Rhetorical Questions
- An appeal to pathos
- Tone and imagery